“The historical response to the youth crimes and current strategies.” When covering the historical responses(s) to youth crimes, we must understand the significance and handling of the first arrest in which you make involving a youth/juvenile. Police don’t always handle an arrest according to its’ severity when it comes to a juvenile offender, they tend to get caught up in the media hype that a big arrest contains, which includes crimes of robbery or what are considered to be those of sensationalism, which are more important.
Juveniles often get away with misdemeanors (minor violations), because they are mundane, unimportant and don’t meet the standard deemed “the big arrest.” The fact is that if attention was given to the juvenile while they were committing crimes considered misdemeanor in nature, it would probably deter them from engaging in the bigger crimes such as robbery, murder etc., this is what is deemed effective when it comes to proper responses to juvenile crimes considered to be misdemeanor in nature.
Specific solutions and justification (rationale). When addressing this topic, we must first set up a process called “restorative justice,” it seeks to repair harm by the involving of the entire community when it comes to the rehabilitation of offenders that are held accountable for their behavior. When it comes to this proposed solution, rehabilitation cannot take place until an offender acknowledges the harm him/her caused to their victims as well as communities and be willing to make amends, that’s why these programs are voluntary in nature and are justified from a rationale perspective due to the requirements and full cooperation of the offenders to admit to his/her wrongdoing.
The second challenge facing the criminal justice system that I chose is “Community Safety.” Historically, community safety has been crucial and essential. It was once highly regarded, we always had each others’ back on the block, whether you lived in a white neighborhood, black neighborhood or any other minority filled neighborhood, for that matter.
Officers are often bound by a duty and obligation to speak out concerning issues that affect public safety in their community as well as their profession, that doesn’t necessarily take place as much in this current day, age and climate. But that doesn’t mean we should give up on officers because a few choose to go astray as far as their civic and community obligations are concerned. Analysis concerning community service should be based upon our ability to encourage, develop, volunteer and promote community service by building upon our talents, strengths and opportunities that are presented to us, especially when it comes down to enhancing our quality of life and promoting interaction amongst those who reside in mine as well as your community.
The impact of community safety in regards to the criminal justice system and the rest of society. From a community safety standpoint in regards to the impact of the criminal justice system. The first thing that may come to peoples’ mind is the three strike rule, rationale (reasoning) behind this particular rule is to keep repeat offenders from terrorizing the communities they reside in, so to speak.
Because they are repeat offenders, they are often the most difficult for state and local criminal justice systems to control. They are known to not respond much to incarceration that’s designed as a means of behavioral modification. Unfortunately, this is not a deterrant factor for them, serving time in prison and all.
Some of them are happy to go to jail or prison in a way, because a lot of their family/friends reside there, in some cases. “Proposition 184” is responsible for promoting the “The Three Strike Rule/Law,” a law designed to impose longer prison sentences for certain repeat offenders, it is effective if enforced properly, from what I’ve seen in Detroit, Michigan it has not been effective as it should be, especially with the shortage of police officers and citizens who really care about what goes on in their particular community.
The historical response to the community safety and current strategies. As part of a continuing effort to assist in developing strategies responsible for reducing crime in various communities, The Department of Justice (DOJ) introduced the Community Safety Initiative (SACSI), this was an approach brought into play and collaboratively designed for data-driven problem solving.
The effectiveness of data-driven problem solving in regards to community safety emphasizes partnerships with the community, underscoring the belief that the process of policing can effectively make our neighborhoods safer. With this being said, supervised populations tend to pose challenges significant in nature for police and community supervision agencies alike, but partnerships between these two can and will improve public safety, and aid in the prevention of crime.
Specific solutions and justification (rationale) concerning community safety. If we don’t have an understanding of why crime takes place, it would be difficult for us to come up with a proper solution. Crime in simple terms is viewed as a specific behavior which needs attention to be allotted to it in the form of a punishment being assessed and all, hopefully resulting in a deterrence.
People normally commit a crime or crimes based on what goes on around them societal wise. When we are raised in a society that’s known for producing more in regards to consumable goods. We tend to want more and sometimes go to any means to get it, even if we have to commit a crime. I believe crime reduction begins at home, beginning with community policing. Taken seriously, it can and will offer an approach in the reduction of crime.
The third challenge facing the criminal justice system that I chose is “Sexual Offenders.” Historically, sexual offenders in the criminal justice system never had to face the possibility of serving additional time or being held in a mental facility after serving their initial sentences for crimes they committed sexual wise to their victims.
A case that took place about 37 years ago involving “Martin Andrews” who was 13 years old when he was abducted by a sexual predator name “Richard Ausley”, who was convicted multiple times prior to this incident for sexually assaulting young boys. This ultimately lead to sexual predators who were one time offenders being forced to serve more than one sentence, this is after completely their initial sentence(s).
In regards to sexual offenders (analysis), the victim and offender are likely to have had a prior relationship as family members, intimates, or acquaintances. In about 3 out of 4 incidents, it was proven or reported that victims of rape and sexual assaults knew the offender. When data was recorded by the police, it was determined that 90% of rapes actually involved children younger than 12 years of age, and in these cases, the offender was known by the victim (child).
The majority of violent sex offenders consisted of males who were responsible for assaulting female victims, while only a small percentage of females actually participated in the role of offender(s).
The impact of the sexual offenders on the criminal justice system and the rest of society is that of significance. It is or speculated that less than 5% of these offenders are ever caught and apprehended. That means that they fly under the radar quite a bit. So when it comes to the protection of our kids or kids as a whole, we must be willing to work together, report suspicious behavior including those lurking around playgrounds while kids are playing.
Deterrance can take place when we make our presence known and pay close attention to detail. Low levels of prosecutions involving sexual offenders are directly attributed to the fact that their sexual crimes/abuse often goes unreported, remains hidden. It is very imperative that we send a message to sexual offenders, take command of all our neighborhoods, be vigilant and stop burying our heads in the sand except for when it directly affects us.
It’s often difficult to talk about facts concerning criminal behavior simply because there’s so much misinformation given. Re-entry into the public for sexual offenders. This includes supervision which helps decrease recidivism, which involves keeping an eye on the ex-offender, helping them find jobs, get drug treatment along with finding a suitable place to reside.
These are very important factors in helping the offenders stay crime free. Finding housing is probably the most challenging out of all of these, they face many legal obstacles, because of the bridges they were responsible for burning in society and unfortunately for them this includes exclusion/rejection from their own family. According to s
“The historical response to the youth crimes and current strategies.” When covering the historical responses(s) to youth crimes, we must understand the significance and handling of the first arrest in which you make involving a youth/juvenile. Police don’t always handle an arrest according to its’ severity when it comes to a juvenile offender, they tend to get caught up in the media hype that a big arrest contains, which includes crimes of robbery or what are considered to be those of sensationalism, which are more important.
Planning your questions to ask your divorce attorney before your first meeting can save you time, money, and help ensure that you choose the best lawyer to fit your situation. Before you start looking for divorce attorneys, start by talking to those closest to you. If you have a friend, family member, or colleague who has divorced, ask for their recommendations for attorneys and talk about their experiences with their lawyer. For example, find out if the attorney was easy to work with, responded to phone calls quickly, stuck to the fee agreement, and got a good outcome in court.
If you do not know anyone who has personally used a divorce attorney, your state bar association may be able to recommend an attorney in your area. Although bar associations generally do not rate attorneys and cannot give you personal information, they can give you leads on lawyers who have good ethical reputations.
Credentials and Experience
Because each state has individual licensing procedures for attorneys, ask your lawyer if she is eligible to practice in the state where you are filing for divorce. This is particularly important if you and your spouse are separated and live in different states. Additionally, ask your divorce attorney how long she has been practicing and how many divorces she handles per year. Since some law firms work collaboratively on cases, also ask the lawyer whether any other staff members will be handling your case and learn about their credentials. Often, a skilled paralegal can help your divorce attorney prepare your paperwork at rates much lower than your attorney’s regular fees. Ultimately, it may be a good idea to get an overview of who your primary contact persona the firm will be (for example, your attorney or a legal assistant) and who will be handling each aspect of the divorce process.
Further, not all divorce lawyers are created equally. If you have specific issues of concern in your divorce case, find an attorney that specializes in that area of practice. For example, if you anticipate contested child custody issues, look for a divorce lawyer who specializes in custody matters. Likewise, if you own a business or have significant shared assets, look for a divorce attorney with experience working on these types of cases.
Special issues you may want to consider when choosing a divorce lawyer include their experience in the following, as they apply to your case:
401(k)s and retirement plans
Joint shares in a business
Spouse’s disability/your disability
Social Security income
An unemployed spouse who depends on you for day-to-day support or if you rely on your spouse as your sole source of income
Significant shared financial assets such as a house or large amount of savings
Pending civil lawsuits or bankruptcies
When you interview your lawyer, make sure that he or she feels comfortable handling all of the issues you may encounter in your divorce. For instance, if you own a business but your attorney cannot answer all of your questions about how you will approach dividing shares with your spouse, consider looking for a different attorney. Although lawyers can research your specific issues, there are few substitutes for courtroom experience.
Before you sign any agreement or agree to work with a divorce attorney, learn about his or her fee and billing schedule. Many attorneys charge an hourly rate, but some lawyers offer flat-fee pay structures for simple divorce cases. In addition to the standard legal fees, most law firms also charge for out-of-pocket expenses, such as filing fees, copying costs and the attorney’s travel expenses. Ask your lawyer about his policy regarding these incidental fees. Also ask the lawyer how often the firm will bill you and whether you will be required to pay an upfront retainer fee. Regardless of the type of fee agreement that you work out, be sure to get the arrangement in writing and clarify what issues your attorney’s fees cover.
You may also want to find out more details about how the payments will work. For example:
What will happen if my spouse changes his mind about child custody arrangements or decides to contest the divorce ? How much more will this cost?
What will happen if something unexpected comes up and I cannot afford to pay all of your fees at once?
Can you work out monthly payment programs?
Do I need to pay money upfront before you can start to work on my case?
Because the divorce process can vary significantly based on your state of residence and individual circumstances, as your lawyer to outline the steps you will need to take to obtain a divorce. Some factors that can affect the time frame and divorce process include:
Whether you have minor children
Whether you and your spouse have a home/mortgage together
If you have a personal or joint retirement account
If you own a business
If either you or your spouse is disabled or unable to work
If you have monetary investments, either individually or as a couple
Whether you have an existing prenuptial agreement
Ask approximately how long the process will take, what paperwork you will need to file and what documentation you will need to provide your attorney. He or she may be able to give you a checklist of all the documents you will need to supply the court.
If you have minor children, talk to your divorce attorney about your ideal custody outcomes and ask him or her to explain your rights and responsibilities. If you plan to apply for child support or alimony, ask your divorce attorney what you should expect in terms of hearings, timeframes and legal procedures.
For example, you may want to ask your attorney:
Does your state require you to maintain separate residences before granting a divorce?
How should you divide your joint bills prior to the divorce?
Should you give your spouse access to shared property?
What should you do if your spouse does not let you see your children?
What should you do if your spouse tries to intimidate you?
What should you do if your spouse violates any custody or vistation orders
How can you fairly decide who should live in the family home?
How long will it take to file divorce papers with the court?
How long should you expect to wait before receiving spousal support or child support?
Are you required to attend all hearing on your case?
You may also be curious about how often and in what manner you will communicate with your attorney. For instance,
Can you expect weekly or monthly updates from your divorce lawyer, or do you need to call or email for updates?
Should you check-in with your attorney at regular intervals or will your lawyer contact you if he or she needs information?
Will you have meetings prior to trials or hearings? How will you coordinate information?
Does your attorney use email or prefer phone calls?
Or, “How can a jury find your bully boss innocent of bias, but
still return a big fat verdict in your favor?”
Sometimes it feels like the boss has all the power; your
employer and H.R. hold all the cards.
You just have to come into work and try to avoid the powerful people,
and then get back out of there the second the work day is over. But you know what? An employee suffering through a hostile work
environment can become more powerful than you imagine by learning their rights. There are many legal rights and lawyers’ strategies
that greatly benefit employees, but few employees know about them. Today I’m going to reveal t you one of the
most powerful, explain why employers’ fear it, and tell you exactly how to use
it. It’s the legal claim called
retaliation. Companies, H.R.
professionals, and defense attorneys all dread retaliation claims.
Employers and their H.R. henchmen hate retaliation
claims. They hate retaliation claims because there is a proven pattern of companies going to court against
employees, prevailing against the employees’ charges of illegal discrimination and
harassment, BUT, the jury finds that the supervisor did commit
retaliation – in the very same lawsuit.
That’s what drives employers crazy.
Companies will spend a ton of time and literally $100,000+ paying attorneys to
defend an employment lawsuit alleging, for example, age discrimination. After all the effort, hours, and dollars, the
company proves that it discriminate against the employee on the basis of age. Yet, the company leaves the courthouse a loser, and it’s going to have to write a big fat check to the former employee (who was
not discriminated against). Why? Because the former employee claimed both
discrimination, and retaliation. And
since the employee won the retaliation claim, it really doesn’t matter to the
employee one iota that he or she lost the discrimination claim. The employee still won and the employee is still getting paid. How is this possible to lose and win in the
same suit?You can allege more than one “claim” (or legal theory of how
your employer wronged you) in each lawsuit.
An easy example is an
Appearing in court–especially for the first time–can intimidate even the most confident person. The only time I had ever been in one was when I applied for my passport, so when I had to appear before a judge in a small claims contest, I only knew the process through Judge Judy, and I didn’t think I could trust her as a source. It made me fret. My roommate had run out on our lease, and I stood to lose a lot of money if he didn’t honor the agreement. I couldn’t find anything online to help me prepare or even ease my nerves.
Coming out of the experience–and having lost–I compiled a list of things that would have been nice to know before hand. Whether you’re the plaintiff or the defendant, knowing how small claims court really works (at least in St. Louis County in Minnesota) could save you a lot of stress. These are just a few items I feel would have changed my situation:
1. Conciliation Court Doesn’t Mean Anything
The judge explained right before the hearings started that the court doesn’t keep any record of what happens or what decision he makes. Whatever is at stake, the responsibility lies with the defendant and the plaintiff to follow through on collecting the claim, and if one party fails to uphold the agreement, the court won’t intervene to enforce it.
So think very hard about whether or not suing someone will help you. My judge basically told everyone, “This is just a game. No one really has to pay anything,” right before the hearings. I felt like even holding conciliation court was just a scam to get court fees. So ask yourself three questions before you go in:
Can the defendant pay?
Will the defendant pay?
Do I have the means to enforce the judges decision?
The defendant’s job doesn’t even have that many questions to worry about. Not showing up for the hearing results in an automatic ruling in favor of the plaintiff, but since no one really cares, the only thing to worry about is, “Do I respect this person enough to consider paying up if he makes a good case?”
2. Don’t try to sound like a lawyer
I prepared my argument before I went in. I wrote it down, edited it, made sure it made sense, and brought it in with me to read to the judge. My ex-roommate doesn’t have a very high intelligence, and struggles with understanding seemingly simple everyday concepts. I thought for sure if I went in there and sounded intelligent, it would help my case.
Don’t bother with big words or arguments that sound legal. Just state your case simply, the way you’d describe it to a friend.
3. Justice is blind, so don’t ask her to read anything
“What?” you ask. “In a country that requires all agreements to be put into writing, wouldn’t written evidence be important?”
No. Apparently not. The law isn’t like science or history or anything else that requires evidence to support an argument. They don’t want to consider all the evidence, and if something is on paper, they automatically rule it out as being “heresay,” and therefore not true.
They hold court during business hours on Wednesday. I couldn’t bring in my witnesses because they both had full-time jobs. Instead, I collected signed statements; one from my girlfriend supported my claim that my roommate said “The landlord threatened to evict you if I didn’t move out,” and the statement from my landlord saying “I never threatened to evict anyone, and he said you wanted to cause me trouble.” Just before he moved out, it became more and more obvious that my roommate had a different story depending on who he was talking to. If I could bring in proof that he lied about that, I thought, that will discredit anything he might say in his defense.
Unfortunately, judges won’t read written evidence, so that didn’t work out. Bring witnesses with you if you need them.
4. Perjury isn’t a crime.
Afterwards, I read an article written by a lawyer that said not only does no one ever prosecute perjury, but judges expect it when hearing a case. This article went on to say that people tend to be more honest in small claims court, when they don’t have a lawyer’s advice, and that they often say things that damage their case.
Well, my ex-roommate lied through his teeth, and brought in his girlfriend to lie through her teeth. Judge Judy seems to have a talent for sniffing out liars, but my judge listened to the testimony of a girl with a very obvious tell, and didn’t seem to care.
So to recap:
The court assumes anything written down is a lie.
They also assume anything spoken at the hearing is true.
This didn’t go well for me. My roommate’s name was missing from the lease due to a clerical error, but verbal contracts are legally binding in Minnesota. Ever try to prove a verbal agreement with no physical evidence? It would have been nice if the judge would have taken thirty seconds to look at the paperwork my ex-roommate filled out to get his name on the lease. But he didn’t.
5. The plaintiff is solely responsible for proving his case.
When the judge’s ruling showed up in the mail, it came with the comment, “The defendant’s version of events was more plausible.” Honestly, I still find that statement offensive. I went in there prepared to make a fully honest argument, and he called me a liar.
However, in an innocent-until-proven-guilty system, the defendant has the advantage. If he proves his innocence, he wins. If it comes up that the judge can’t make a decision, he still wins. The plaintiff has to go above and beyond to show everyone what’s what, and if he can’t the ruling automatically favors the defendant.
I’m still offended by the statement, though.
I don’t wish a court experience on anyone. They’re intimidating, bureaucratic and unjust. The judges don’t judge–they make decisions based on rules, something a computer program could do just as easily. But should you find yourself in that situation, consider my experience and use it to your advantage. I wish you the best of luck. (Unless, of course, you’ve skipped out on paying rent.)This hub briefly explains the roles of the different courts in England & Wales. The court systems are slightly different in Northern Ireland & Scotland and so a different source will be necessary for those, although their system follows that of England’s and Wales’ generally speaking.
The system of courts is roughly split into Civil Law and Criminal Law and the varying degrees of the severity of crime.The Crown Court is simply the court which deals with more serious crimes that have more serious sentences such as murder, rape and theft.
Cases are brought to the Crown Court either when:
The crime is serious and needs to be tried by both judge and jury
Appeals are made from the magistrates court wherein a judge and at 2 or more magistrates deal with the case
The magistrates’ court refers cases that they deemed too serious to be dealt by them
This is the lowest level court and is designed to deal with low level crimes. It is also known as the ‘court of petty sessions’ and ‘police court’
The Magistrates’ Court deals with mainly criminal cases but also some civil cases as well (for the definitions of both click here). The cases are limited to crimes that have occurred in the area that the courts are assigned to.
The cases are dealt with by either Justices of the Peace (unpaid & unqualified judges), aka ‘magistrates’ or District Judges (who are paid & qualified), aka ‘stipendiary magistrates’.
Criminal CasesAll criminal cases start in the magistrates’ court. However only crimes that if guilty require a punishment of less than or equal to 6 months imprisonment and/or a £5,000 fine will actually be dealt with by the magistrates’ court. Crimes handled in the magistrates’ are known as summary offences.
If the crime is more serious, It will be moved to the Crown Court where they will be tried by jury instead of a judge.
Also in many cases, the defendant is given the choice of whether to be tried by a Judge or by Jury, if he chooses Judge then he will be tried at the magistrates’ court, if he chooses Jury, he will proceed to the Crown Court.
Civil CasesLow level civil crimes may be dealt with at the magistrate courts but these are generally limited to things like civil debts, income tax, adoption proceedings and other small problems.
Youth CourtThe youth court is a part of the magistrates court. Criminal offences by people of age 10 to 17 are dealt with at this court. Up to 3 specially trained magistrates deal with each case. If the case is of a crime that is deemed punishable by 14 years or more imprisonment then the case may be transferred to the Crown Court. The reason for such a high requirement in terms of the punishment is that prosecution at the Crown Court is deemed to be a less pleasant and more intimidating experience that youths should be protected from.The county court deals mainly with minor civil disputes such as the following:
Employment problems – wage disputes & salary owing
Discrimination particular to race, sex & disabil
Few authors have sold more books than John Grisham – about 250 million worldwide and translated into numerous languages. For ten years Grisham worked as a criminal lawyer, gathering the experience and legal acumen to write engrossing legal thrillers, arguably the best found anywhere in the world.
Grisham hails from the southern United States, the scene of many of his novels and nonfiction books. His first novel, A Time to Kill, was set in a small town in Mississippi in the 1980s. Many of Grisham’s books have been made into movies or TV productions. Yet Grisham’s fame hasn’t made him too uppity; he still teaches Sunday school at the First Baptist Church in Oxford, Mississippi!
Now let’s delve even deeper into the impressive career of John Grisham, one of America’s greatest living authors. Please keep reading.
John Grisham was born in Jonesboro, Arkansas in 1955. As a kid, Grisham wanted to be a baseball player but, as he grew up, he knew he lacked the talent to become a professional. On a related note, Grisham wrote a novel entitled A Painted House (2001), a story about a family of cotton farmers in Arkansas during the 1950s, and, yes, the kids in this unit loved to play baseball.
In 1977, Grisham graduated with a bachelor’s degree in accounting at Mississippi State University. Later, he graduated from law school, specializing in criminal law and practiced it for many years. In 1983, Grisham, a Democrat, was elected to the Mississippi state legislature, working as a legislator until 1990. When Grisham became a successful novelist, he gave up practicing law, except in 1996 when he fought for the family of a railroad worker who had been killed on the job, eventually winning a jury award of $683,500.
Grisham’s First Novel
A Time to Kill was Grisham’s initial literary work. Published in 1989, it took him three years to write the novel and 28 publishers rejected it before an unknown publisher agreed to give it a shot. The book is about a black man in Ford County, Mississippi who takes the law into his own hands when two white men rape and nearly beat to death his 10-year-old daughter. A Vietnam veteran, the black man uses an M-16 to murder the two men while they’re being escorted by the police through the court house after being arrested for the rape of the girl.
A white trial lawyer defends the black man, hoping to get him acquitted by reason of insanity. For the black people living in Ford County and surrounding areas, the case becomes a cause célèbre, though it also provokes the infamous Ku Klux Klan, which seems willing to commit any crime to make certain the black man is convicted of murder and sentenced to death.
At first, A Time to Kill didn’t sell well, and wasn’t even published in paperback, but when Grisham became famous, it sold millions of copies. Grisham, in the author’s note to the paperback edition of the book published in 2009, wrote that this novel is his favorite. And, as great as this book is, one would think it’s the favorite of many of his fans.
The Innocent Man
John Grisham has also written nonfiction books. Perhaps the best of the bunch is The Innocent Man, a true story about a man who, after spending 11 years on Death Row, is finally exonerated and released from prison because of DNA and other evidence provided by the Innocence Project.
In 1988, Ronald Keith Williamson, a former minor league baseball player, was convicted for raping, beating and murdering a 21-year-old cocktail waitress, who had been attacked just blocks from Williamson’s home in Ada, Oklahoma. For five years the Ada police department tried to link Williamson and his drinking buddy Dennis Fitz to this heinous crime. The police department had no physical evidence, just forced “dream” confessions, some unreliable eye witness testimonies, all of this administered by what has been called shoddy police work. Yet the Ada authorities still convicted Williamson and Fitz. Williamson got the death penalty, while Fitz received life in prison.
While rotting away on Death Row, Williamson was declared certifiably insane, and therefore could not have been legally executed anyway. Both Williamson and Fitz were released in April 1999. Eventually the real assailant was caught, tried and finally convicted in 2003.
Grisham’s book is a riveting account of the inequities and abuses of America’s criminal justice system, as many other “innocent men” have been exonerated by DNA evidence in recent years.
John Grisham is opposed to the death penalty in the U.S. His novel The Confession definitely seems to address this issue in a major way. The story is about a black man, Donte Drumm, who’s convicted for raping and murdering a white girl in Texas. The only real evidence against Drumm is his confession, though it gradually becomes obvious the confession was coerced by the police.
Drumm is sentenced to die by lethal injection, even though another man comes forward the day of the execution claiming he’s the real murderer. The authorities execute Drumm anyway.
In this novel, Grisham expresses his fondness for America’s national pastime. The story is about two players in Major League Baseball during the 1973 season. One is Warren Tracey, an aging pitcher, trying to hang on to a fading career, and the other is Joe Castle, a young phenom who electrifies baseball from the first time he comes to bat. When Tracey and Castle play against each other for the first time, the sparks fly, ending a career.
The story is told from the point of view of Paul Tracey, son of Warren Tracey. Throughout the story, Paul expresses intense dislike for his father, who is not an easy man to like. But, with Paul’s help, Warren eventually seeks redemption.
Playing for Pizza
This time Grisham shows his love for football, American style. Rick Dockery, who’s spent his entire NFL career as a mediocre backup, finally gets a chance at stardom by playing for the Cleveland Browns. Because of injuries to the first and second string quarterbacks, Dockery plays the last 11 minutes of an AFC championship game in which the Browns are leading by 17 points. If the Browns win, they go to their first Super Bowl. Then Dockery plays the worst game imaginable and the Browns lose, with Dockery becoming the biggest goat in NFL history.
Afterwards, Dockery tries to revive his flagging career by playing QB for the Parma Panthers, a semi-pro team in Parma, Italy. The Panthers aren’t great but they have heart and would do anything to finally win the Italian Super Bowl, and it’s Dockery’s goal to help them win it.
David Zinc, fed up with working 100-hour weeks, quits a high-powered law firm and joins Finley and Figg, a boutique company of ambulance chasers. Actually, these guys, Oscar Finley and Wally Figg, will do just about anything to drum up business, including advertise their services on bingo cards. Zinc soon learns that Finley and Figg have become interested in some mass tort litigation involving Krayoxx, a cholesterol drug developed by the pharmaceutical giant, Varrick Labs. Apparently Krayoxx is harmful, though nobody knows for certain.
Finley, Figg and Zinc begin looking for friends or relatives of people who have used Krayoxx and died, and also try to locate people currently taking the drug. Once this is done, Finley and Figg sue Varrick Labs, which seems eager to litigate – too eager. Unfortunately, the tiny firm is greatly overmatched against Varrick Labs, which wants to prove Krayoxx is safe. This David vs. Goliath tale keeps you interested until the last page.
Malcolm Bannister, a former lawyer, rots in prison while serving a lengthy sentence in a federal penitentiary. Embittered because the feds had given him a long sentence for what he regarded as a petty crime, Bannister is determined to stick it to the feds. After apparently listening to a sordid tale of murder as told by a fellow inmate, Bannister tells the FBI he knows who murdered Judge Raymond Fawcett and his secretary. Bannister gets out of prison by fingering the inmate and begins a second life with a new identity.
But Bannister isn’t finished with his new life on the outside. First, he must find the real murderer of Judge Fawcett and then trick him into telling Bannister where he stashed the millions of dollars in gold he had stolen from Fawcett after murdering him.
Published in 2013, Sycamore Row is a kind of sequel to A Time to Kill, Grisham’s first novel. Jake Brigance lives in Ford County Mississippi during the 1980s, the scene of his defense of Carl Lee Hailey in a sensational murder trial that had taken place three years before. Brigance’s latest case involves the will of Seth Hubbard, an old white man who, dying of cancer, commits suicide after handwriting a will that he mails to Brigance. This new will nullifies the will Hubbard had created years before. The main difference in this new will is that Hubbard l
An employer may admit that it has one rogue supervisor, but most companies will not admit that bullying in the workplace is a widespread problem. This is why Zogby’s 2007 poll has not gotten the attention it deserves — because it proves that U.S. workplaces are deeply infected with the disease of bullying supervisors, but businesses fear the treatment more than the disease.Zogby’s survey found that workplace bullies caused actual damage to the health of one third of Americans at work today. In other words, more than 54,000,000 employees have been severly bullied at work. To make the issue more personal, think of two friends: one of you has been abused so badly at work that he or she needed medical care. Why does this continue? It continues because it’s legal. The U.S. Supreme Court has
specifically said that courts will not get into the business of
enforcing a “civility code” in the nation’s workplaces. With the law
turning a blind eye toward civility and respect at work, bosses are
free to push their employees to produce more and more by employing
threats, humiliation, and fearmongering. It may be immoral, but none of
it is illegal.Some companies take a long term approach and
reognize that rampant abuse of employees at their company will only
increase the number of employee resignations, decrease the number of
employee applications, and grow the use of sick time and workers’
compensation claims.If you are reading this, however, chances
are that you are not working at one of the precious few companies who
does take the long view. Instead, you at least suspect that you are
being taken advantage of at work. More likely, you know in your heart
that you are suffering through workplace abuse but you have been
denying it; some people fear that taking action against a bully will be
even more difficult to endure than the everyday abuse that’s been
grinding them down.If you are one in either of these groups, take
a look through this list of the Top 10 Telling Indicators That The Boss
is Bullying You. After going over the list click on the survey at the end to report how many
of the signs you’ve experienced in your own work life:
consistently blames you for the problems at work, while boasting to
others that his or her own skills are responsible for the good outcomesYou’ve found that your boss scheduled key meetings knowing full well you had a conflict at that timeYour
boss sabotages your success by claiming to be “too busy” to sign off on
your work or give you needed feedback, making your work incomplete or
lateYou are kept out meetings your supervisor schedules, your
work station is moved further away from your supervisor, or you are
conspicuously left out of work lunchesYou learn that your supervisor or someone in his or her peer group is gossiping about your work, or even your lifeWhen
upset or stressed your manager will bring up a mistake you made long
ago (even years ago), as a way of shifting focus from the current
problem to something that was your faultAt night and on the weekends you feel completely exhausted and have no energy for pursuits you used to enjoy
A co-worker is allowed by your boss to put you down, insult your work,
and humiliate you with co-workers present, or, your boss does these
things to you directlyYou feel like every day your manager
only gives you criticisms, but your performance reviews are always
positive and you are know at work as a good workerYou long for each weekend, but you are full of anxiety and even become sick with dread the evening before the work week startsSo what should you do if this quiz indicates that you have been the victim of a work place bully? First, although the quiz asks what you’ve experienced in your whole career, the need to take action depends upon how many of these indications you are currently experiencing.1 to 3 of the indicators: Your boss needs counseling or Prozac4 to 6 of the indicators: You need to prepare yourself for a confrontation. Learn your legal rights which are far more powerful than you probably realize7 to 9 of the indicators: You are in the thick of a drawn out conflict with your boss. You must learn all of your legal rights now to fight back against this hostile work environment. Also consider seeing your doctor for time off work to decompress.All 10 of the indicators: You’ve already quit or been terminated, but you still have rights. Be sure not to let the EEOC’s 180 day deadline pass for filing a complaint, and make sure to immediately file for both unemployment benefits and the new subsidized COBRA health benefits continuation program. Also, stop and smile because you are free of that awful place!Law is without doubt among the highest paying careers in the world. The other careers and professions in the top earning bracket are probably medicine and engineering. Lawyers or if you prefer to call them attorneys, are important professionals in any society or country considering the crucial things they do for us. Law is certainly finding its way into almost every aspect of our life. You need the services of lawyers for so many reasons. Lawyers hold positions of great responsibility and the expectations required of them are high. They are also expected to be professional and observe a strict code of conduct in carrying out their duties.
They are advocates as well as advisors. As advocates they represent clients in courts of law, urge about their innocence and try to clear their name from any wrong doing. As advisors they provide their clients legal advice on particular things which are of importance to them.Not all lawyers are paid the same amount of money. Some are paid more than others and in the disparity in the salary scale is down to many factors which some of them I’m going to mention in this article. Like any other profession, lawyer salaries depend on a number of factors which are as follows;
Work experience; an experienced lawyer who has worked for some years earns more than a new one who has less experience. When looking to hire a lawyer for different reasons, many clients may be in search of those who have a certain level of experience because they believe that those kinds of lawyers are in good position to win a case for them. Lawyers with a lot of experience in their legal field of specialization are highly sought after which means the competition to get their services is very high and hence higher salaries for them. as for the inexperienced lawyer, clients may not be many and hence the probability of earning lower salaries.
Employer type; lawyer salary is also determined by the type of client the person is working for. Normally private companies or corporations pay more salary than say government or not for profit organizations. Organization size may also determine the pay scale which means a larger organization or a multinational operating in a bigger market and which has a large customer base will most likely pay higher salary and remunerations.
Field of specialization; this may also determine the amount of salary a lawyer is being paid. A corporate lawyer may for example be paid more than a family or divorce lawyer and this could be brought about by the fact that corporate have more finances than an individual or family. Basically the more money your client has access to the more you could be paid as a lawyer.
Education; the level of education the lawyer has attained will also have a say in the amount of money they are offered by clients who may need their services. A fresh graduate lawyer is definitely paid less money as compared to an attorney who has attained a higher level of education.
Working location; working location or where the lawyer is based is also a determining factor in the amount of salary a lawyer is paid. A huge difference in salary may be observed in lawyers who are based in different places and localities. The amount of pay offered to lawyers is different from state to state or country to country. E.g a lawyer based in New York City may be paid more than another one in London or Lisbon and vice versa.
Becoming a lawyer is without doubt an enormous undertaking because of the time you have to commit to it and the financial investments you have to make but all the same it is a rewarding career that is worth trying. Below is the salary range for various types of lawyers.Family lawyer; a family lawyer is specifically hired by a client for issues to do with the set up of the family. They provide legal advice on issues that have to do with such things like divorce, child custody, child adoption e.t.c. their salaries are in the range of $38000 to $103,000.
criminal lawyer; a criminal lawyer is specifically hired to carry out the duty of defending a person accused in a court of law and facing charges of crimes like murder, rape, robbery or any other criminal act. Their salaries range from $39,596 to $127,425
Corporate lawyer salary; corporate lawyers are hired by corporations that require legal advice in their at
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #31
Yummy, yummy, yummyI got love in my tummy
1910 Fruitgum Company – Yummy, Yummy, Yummy
You can certainly tell that this song was written in the much more innocent Sixties. These days it would qualify as porn. I wonder if this song inspired Linda Lovelace.
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #32
I always thought a fish could not be caught who wouldn’t biteBut you’ve got some bait a waitin’ and I thinkI might like having a little afternoon delightSky rockets in flightAfternoon delightAfternoon delightPlease be waiting for me baby when I come aroundWe could make a lot of lovin’ ‘for the sun goes downThinkin’ of you’s workin’ up an appetiteLooking forward to a little afternoon delightRubbin’ sticks and stones together makes the sparks ingiteAnd the thought of rubbin’ you is getting so exciting
Starland Vocal Band : Afternoon Delight
Nah. This is pure unadulterated porn. No doubt about it. You’ve got some bait a waitin’??? Rubbin’ sticks and stones together??? I don’t know how the straightlaced radio stations of the Seventies were ever able to play this track!
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #33
Muskrat, Muskrat, candle light Doing the town and doing it right in the evening It’s pretty pleasing Muskrat Suzie, Muskrat Sam Do the jitterbug out in Muskrat Land And they shimmy, Sam is so skinny And they whirl and they twirl and they tango Singing and jinging a jango Floating like the heavens above Looks like Muskrat Love Nibbling on bacon, chewing on cheese Sam says to Suzie, Honey, would you please be my Mrs. Suzie says yes with her kisses Now he’s tickling her fancy, rubbing her toes Muzzle to muzzle, now, anything goes as they wriggle,Sue starts to giggle
The Captain and Tennille – Muskrat Love
We’re stuck on porn and now we turn to bestiality! If it wasn’t bad enough that this saccharine duo of the Captain and Toenail got their own show on CBS where they were able to significantly increase the rate of dental caries in the American population, but this paean to animal sexual intercourse has to be rate as one of the most bizarre tunes of the Seventies.
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #34
If you wanna be with me, baby There’s a price you pay I’m a genie in a bottle You gotta rub me the right way
I’m a genie in a bottle, baby Gotta rub me the right way, honey I’m a genie in a bottle, baby Come, come, come and let me out
Christina Aguilera – Genie in a Bottle
The Sixties and Seventies certainly didn’t have a monopoly on porn in songs, as almost everything that Aguilera sings verges on the X-rated, but this one is in a lecherous league by itself. Especially the part where she purposely mispronounces “Come, come, come and let me out” as “Cum, cum, cum on in, yum…”
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #35
I got brass in pocketGot bottleI’m gonna use itIntentionI feel inventiveGonna make you, make you, make you noticeGot motion, restrained emotionI been driving uh, Detroit leaningNo reason, just seems so pleasing
The Pretenders – Brass In Pocket
No matter how many times you hear this song, you can never figure out just what the hell it’s all about. So you have some brass and a bottle and you’re Detroit leaning, huh? Did those lyrics get generated by a randomizer? Or is Chrissie Hynde trying to make off with Christina Aguilera’s bottle?
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #36
My feet don’t hardly make no soundWalking on, walking on the moon
Sting – Walking On The Moon
Come on, dude! You were a schoolteacher at St. Paul’s First School in Cramlington. I pity those poor schoolkids if you think that’s what passes for English grammar! And let’s not even discuss Science as no sound at all can be generated where there is no atmosphere… like the moon!
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #37
ShockWatch the monkey get hurtMonkey
Peter Gabriel – Shock The Monkey
Ok, all you anti-vivisectionists, line up to throw rotten eggs at Peter Gabriel who in some strange, oblique way, managed to write a song about subjecting a simian to electric shocks! Very strange!
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #38
Coast to coastL.A. to Chicago
Sade – Smooth Operator
I guess you can’t expect a woman who spells her name Sade but pronounces it Sharday (like chardonnay) to have a clue about geography! Or maybe she thinks that the Pacific Ocean has the same kind of coast as Lake Michigan. “Well… they both have a beach… don’t they?”
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #39
Singing a songHumming a songSinging a songLoving a songLaughing a songSinging a songSing the songSong song song singSing sing sing sing song
Oliver – Good Morning Starshine
Yes, I know that this song was written in the Hair generation, and there was more than enough substance abuse then, but come on, dude: Laughing a song… song song song sing … sing sing sing sing song. You belong in Sing Sing for that one.
Worst Lyrics Of All Time – #40
Something heavy like a first day period
Janet Jackson – Feedback
Sorry… can’t comment as I’m too busy reaching for a barf bag.
Check Out The Entire Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time!Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #1 to #10 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #11 to #20 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #21 to #30 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #31 to #40 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #41 to #50 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #51 to #60 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #61 to #70 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #71 to #80 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #81 to #90 Top 100 Worst Lyrics Of All Time #91 to #100Having just recently “discovered” the GetBackers, I was immediately drawn to the characters Ginji Amano and Ban Midou as well as the anime’s catchy opening and ending themes. Here I have compiled the videos and lyrics (so you can sing along) of the two opening songs and four ending songs of the GetBackers anime series. My favorite is the fourth and last ending Theme “Changin” by Nona Reeves. I love the song and the video that goes with it. GetBackers Opening Theme 1 (No Credits)揺らぐことない愛 Yuragu Koto Nai Ai Episodes: 1-25Namida atsumete yozora e kaesouYuragu koto nai ai dake baramake star dustIkiteru ka dou ka wakannaku nacchatta yoru waHoshi no mienai yozora ni nomikomarete shimauKienaide hikari mayoisou na kokoro ga sakebu tada kimi ni aitaiGensou mousou musou no naka o honki de shissou karadajuu no kiseki ga me o samasuWasurenaide hitori janai yo itsu datte we are just a dreamerTake love, get all love, get back love in our handsYuragu koto nai ai dake baramake star dustDonna ashita o yume mite ikou ka konyaGetBackers Opening Theme 2 (No Credits)薔薇色の世界, Barairo no SekaiEpisodes: 26-49kimi ga seou itami no hate ni wamiushinatteita kanousei ga matteitenamida mo sugi ni wasurete shimatteatarashii kairaku ni oboreru mon sahametsu wo mezasu rekishi no SUTOORIIkimi to futari naraba sore hodo kowaku wa naizetsubouteki na sekai wa ima moowari sou deowaranai de iru yoakirame kaketakeshiki mo kittofutari de narabarairo ni mieruGetBackers Ending Theme 1 (No Credits)秒のリフレイン, Ichibyo No RefrainEpisodes: 1-13Ima wa mada hi mo tokenai mune no oku no garasu saikushinjiteru anata dake wo kanjiteru rifurain (refrain)aruki nareta eki made no michi nori mokaerezuni kaerezuni motareta hanbaiki modoko ni mo mitsukaranai kokoro wa tsunao ni narenaisekai chuu doko ni anata wa iru no kurikaeshi sagashitsuzuketeruIma wa mada hi mo tokenai mune no oku no garasu saikushinjiteru anata dake wo kanjiteru rifurain (refrain)GetBackers Ending Theme 2 (No Credits)涙のハリケーン, Namida no HurricaneEpisodes: 14-25 sennen ni ikkai no koi nante mon ja naifutari no tame ni sora to daichi ga ugoiteta shakariki na hi yo Come Back!mafuyu no umi ni nageta misangaoto mo tatezu kiete shimau no ne bouhatei makka ni moeru gogonami ga spancoll mitai ni kirei nekonna ni, dakara, sou warattefurimuicha dame saa, iku wa yo!arashi ni dakarete yume kara Jump!! eien ga oshiyoseru Islandhateshinaku sunda sora o motome kizutsuita kamone mo tonde yukunamida no Hurricane!GetBackers Ending Theme 3 (No Credits)Mr. Déjà VuEpisodes: 26-37 kumori mizu tamari afurete sora ga nakidashisouoborete yuku nichijou no naka mabuta no ura tsumetainagai yoru hitori koete tameiki de keshita asa no oto torimodosenai zureta jikan wa mou maki modosenaiMr. Deja vu kimi ga inaimaboroshi ni natta hibi kizuitara kimi ga inai tokei no hari wa ugokanai speak to mesayonara ga iwanai mama hitorikiri ni shinaide eien nante naito shitemo akai ito wo shinjite itaiGetBackers Ending Theme 4 (No Credits)ChanginEpisodes: 38 – 48 Gotta, sing a song! (Come on!)
odori akashite konya get down
ano ko no body wo shake shite break down
namida mo hajiketonde get down with me
she said high, she said low
kimagure na purimadonna
sasoi dasu yuuki nante get down with me
hajimete nada, hajimete nanda
konna ni mune ga dokidoki suru no
kutabireta kisetsu ni say bye-bye
(dancin’ on the boogie woogie night)
yume wo negatte dakishimettatte
yabunnakya kabe wa kowarete kurenai
you’re my soul sensation
“Come here Rude boy, boy,Can you get it up, Come here Rude boy, boy Is you big enough” Rude Boy by RhiannaWhen I was 15 years old, I can remember sneaking around my house with my yellow, Sony Walkman listening to a tape of N.W.A. that a friend of mine gave me, praying that my parents didn’t catch me. I knew my parents would rip me a new one if they found out I could repeat every word of “FU_K tha Police” with ease.Although I’m 35, I’m beginning to feel like an old man. I have four children between the ages of 7-13 and I’ve starting taking a new interest in the music they’ve been listening to. I know it sounds like I’m turning into my father, but I can’t believe the absolute crap that I’ve been letting them listen to.I asked my wife if I was being ridiculous, if I was being an “old-fart”, if I had forgotten what music I listened to when I was a child? When I showed her some of the lyrics to a few Rhianna, Britney Spears and Katy Perry songs, she agreed with my description of their music being absolute crap.”One, two, three,Not only you and me.Got 180 degrees and I’m caught inbetween.Countin’ one, two, three…Peter, Paul and Mary.Getting down with 3P, everybody loves… Uh!” 3 by Britney SpearsIt amazes me that this crap is top of the charts. And it’s popular because millions of people listen to it, millions of people buy this music, millions of people go to their concerts and millions of people purchase their merchandise. This should scare the hell out of everyone, but for some odd reason it doesn’t. I’m terrified that most people have become desensitized to this crap and just hum along to the songs and don’t take the time to actually listen to the lyrics.”Kiss me, kiss meInfect me with your love andFill me with your poisonTake me, ta-ta-take meWanna be a victimReady for abduction” E.T. by Katy PerryIn the song above by Rhianna, she talks about her “rude boy” getting it up and if he’s big enough.In the song by Britney, she talks about having a threesome.The song by Katy is talking about being abducted by her lover and being taken, probably the most modest of the group.It actually scares me that my children and other children listen to this crap every day. But this leaves me a bit conflicted. I am not a fan of blatant sexual innuendo being blasted on the airways every five minutes. I am not a fan of women acting, dressing, singing like whores to get attention and gain fortune. But I do feel like this pop crap has a significant place in music culture.I think it’s a sad commentary on our society that these pop princesses are so ridiculously popular. But then again, eons ago, The Monkees and Leif Garrett were just as popular. I guess I will try to be a better parent and teach my kids why they shouldn’t look up to these “artists” and why they shouldn’t want to be like them. I can only hope that my children listen to me and explore past the Top 40 charts. I can only hope they and don’t hide in there rooms listening to Rhianna talk about chains and whips behind my back. Maybe N.W.A. wasn’t so bad after all. Or maybe I’m just getting old, ARGGGGG.LISTENING TO LYRICS: To find out the message of a song, you’ve gotta listen to the words, or LYRICS. A song’s lyrics are critical to proper interpretation of its meaning.
Some contemporary songs have a powerful message, tell a story or establish a mood or theme, while some song lyrics mean almost nothing at all. Regardless, when added to the music, the lyrics are an important component of a song’s success.
Did you know that every song with words follows very specific patterns, and these patterns are common to almost ALL contemporary songs from all genres in the past century?
The song’s lyrics are organized in certain ways and into certain parts, and those parts have specific names, as we’ve discussed in the last chapter.
How song lyrics are organized:
VERSES of a song are the “story” part, the words that moves the “plot” of the song forward. Not all songs tell a story or have a plot, though. Those that dont tell a story instead set a MOOD (romance, friendships, lost relationships, partying, relaxing) or are centered around a THEME (cars, girls, money, dancing, parties).
The 1st verse of a song is almost always followed by either the chorus, or the 2nd verse.
Verse 2 of a song usually takes what was heard in both the first verse and the chorus and takes the song a bit further by explaining or elaborating more.
Verse 3: If the song has a 3rd verse, you rarely hear it immediately after the 2nd verse. Instead, you’ll probably hear the chorus again, and maybe even a bridge before the 3rd verse.
Verses 4 and more: the vast majority of contemporary hit songs have 2, 3, or 4 verses. Millions of songs fall in this range. Only a few songs (usually shorter songs in length) have only one versem and only a few (usually much longer in length) have many more verses.
“Lily, Rosemary, And The Jack Of Hearts” – Bob Dylan (1976): Although this is rare, it’s interesting to see what a song with an extreme number of verses looks like. Unbelievabely, this long story from Dylan has NO CHORUS AT ALL. It’s one of the very, very few completely lacking a chorus, but instead is built entirely of all verses, FIFTEEN of them, one verse right after the other. The song runs a hefty 8 minutes before it ends. Read that song’s lyrics by clicking its title above. You really don’t need to spend the 8 minutes listening to the song itself, but if you want to, a link to the song itself is here.
“American Pie” – Don McLean (1972) [pop/rock]: With five verses and over 8 minutes in length, each verse has many, many words, telling a cryptic, hard-to-deciper story, which could be a whole other course, literally.
EXTRA CREDIT (optional): email me, using your own words, what the lyrics of “American Pie” mean AND what music tragedy from 1959 hit its 50th anniversary in February of this year which directly relates to this song? However, if you choose to do this, don’t just copy stuff from Google and send to me (not only is that plagarism, it’s very obvious, wastes your time & my time and teaches you nothing).
“Color My World” – Chicago (1970) [rock]: Listen to this ballad by the horn-dominant rock group Chicago, has NO CHORUS, and only ONE VERSE! The song went on to become not only one of Chicago’s best known songs, but because of its romantic lyrics about love and committment, it quickly became of the most used “first dance” wedding song for thousands of newly married couples for the next 20 years.The CHORUS (also called the REFRAIN) of a song can be thought of as the song’s “home”. The chorus is the part of the song that’s repeated the most, usually far more often than any other part.
Contemporary songs from any genre will use the chorus either immediately as the song begins, OR you’ll hear verse 1 OR verse 1 and 2 before the chorus. Either way, once the chorus plays, you know you’ll hear it a minimum of three times (usually many more) before the song ends.
Once a chorus is heard, it’s not unusual for it to return five, six, or seven times (sometimes many, many more times) before the song ends.
Examples of songs with a frequently repeating chorus:
“Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It)” – Beyonce (2009) [pop/dance]: This current hit has a standard verse and chorus structure. As you read the lyrics as the song plays, note the repeating intro, then each of the the verses and the chorus repeating.
“Hey Jude” – The Beatles (1968) [Rock]: From the height of the love generation of the sixties comes the Beatles’ biggest hit ever, “Hey Jude” from 1968 and one of the best selling songs of all time. Read the lyrics and enjoy the video (one of the very first music videos, by the way) of the big psychedelic party going on during the song which ultimately engulfs the four Beatles, John, Paul, George & Ringo. That’s Paul McCartney singing lead on this one. Lots more about the Beatles (one of the most influential contemporary artists of all time) in upcoming weeks.
Always creating songs with unusual structures, the Beatles designed “Hey Jude” to contain 4 verses and 2 pre-choruses and run halfway through the song before the chorus is heard for the first time (at 3:10 into the song). Once the chorus begins, though, about halfway through the song, the chorus is repeated FIFTEEN times before fading out during the sixteenth chorus. The Beatles video above plays in a small box so you can watch the lyrics. Later, if you wish, you can watch this groundbreaking video full-screen by clicking here and choosing the full screen icon.
Many songs contain a “PRE-CHORUS”: That’s a group of words which are sung right before the chorus OR it makes you THINK “the chorus is coming next” but it doesn’t. Instead, the pre-chorus builds tension which is only resolved when the chorus is finally heard.
The pre-chorus of a song sort of prepares you for the entrance of the chorus. Some songs use a pre-chorus leading into the
Got an audition coming up soon for a musical theater production? Maybe just a singing or a dancing audition? You’re not alone! I moved to the Des Moines area last year and have auditioned a few times with the Des Moines Playhouse. During the first audition I did with them, I did my best, but I realized that my few years outside of the performing arts (spent in the Army) had taken their toll. I was woefully unprepared. But you don’t have to be!This Hub is going to be geared towards music theater auditions, which normally have both a singing and dance audition. Certainly those with upcoming individual singing and/or dance auditions can make use of the respective tips in their categories. If you’re looking for advice on monologues, you’ve come to the wrong Hub. Sorry!Disclaimers out of the way, so let’s get started!Before Audition DayDo Your ResearchOne of your most important objectives after making the decision to try out for a musical is to do some research on the show. It’s not only common sense, but it’s very much frowned upon to waltz into an audition not knowing anything about the show. Google the musical’s synopsis, listen to the album (iTunes is particularly helpful here), learn about the characters. If available, watch a movie of the show. Some may disagree here, as movies and stage productions of the same musical tend to differ greatly. But if you keep that in mind, as well as stay flexible with the characters and their roles, there’s certainly no harm in watching the movie once.Find out early where and when the auditions will be held. Plan your
route, as well as a backup route in case of traffic or unforeseen
emergencies. If you’re taking public transportation, check the
schedules carefully. Make sure you read audition instructions
scrupulously, if they are available. You don’t want to miss a critical
part of the audition process and then feel a fool when you realize it
too late.Choose Your SongDecide well in advance what you will be singing for the audition. If you have time, this is a great opportunity to learn new songs. If you don’t quite have that much time, choose one you know well and will feel comfortable singing under any circumstances, even acapella. Steer well clear of anything from Les Miserables, Phantom of the Opera, The Sound of Music, Wicked, or other shows with overdone songs. Directors are sick of hearing them. Try to avoid brand new musicals on Broadway as well. Also beware of songs that “belong” to their singer — “Over the Rainbow” is Judy Garland’s, for example. Comparisons will abound, and unless you’re a mega-superstar singer, you will fall short. Pick songs that mesh well with the musical you are trying out for. If it is generally upbeat and fun, choose a similar song. If it’s very dramatic, go with a dramatic song. Make sure the song is within your vocal range and will best demonstrate what you can do. Weak singers may want to lean towards faster songs, so long as their sense of rhythm is strong. Strong singers can attempt ballads if they can make the song work in their favor. While directors get tired of hearing “yet another slow song”, if it makes them sit up and pay attention to your voice, go for it!Be sure to keep accompaniment in mind. If one will be provided, pick a song that is not very difficult for him or her to play by sight. Have it transposed in the correct key, as not every pianist can transpose on the fly. Have everything clearly marked — tempo, cuts, repeats, codas, etc. Red pen is very handy for this. If using a CD or tape, make sure the accompaniment is of the best quality it can be. Avoid lengthy instrumental intros. Also be prepared to sing your song acapella. The sound system may be malfunctioning, or the accompanist may not show. The directors simply may want to hear how you do without instrumental backup. Make sure you know if you are going to be singing the full song or only a certain amount of bars. A good rule of thumb is to stick to two minutes, not to exceed three. Ensure that what you are singing is the best part of the song for your voice.Choose Your OutfitWhat you wear to an audition is just as important as your singing and dancing abilities. Perhaps the number one rule is to never audition in costume. You may wear something that is slightly suggestive of a costume, though. Ladies auditioning for Oklahoma! might consider wearing a fuller skirt, for example. Be sure that your outfit allows for comfort and freedom of movement, particularly for dancing. It’s equally important to be comfortable while you sing. If you aren’t, not only will your body show it, but your voice will too. Be classy. Dress for the audition as if this were a nice date or a semi-professional job meeting. Avoid jeans, sweatpants, sneakers, flip-flops, etc. Unless you are able to move gracefully in them, skip the high heels. Make sure your dance shoes are in presentable, working condition. If you’re stuck for ideas, read on for an example. My typical audition outfit consists of: a solid-colored, somewhat dressy top with a patterned tank top underneath; a knee-length ruffled black skirt with black capri leggings; low-heeled open-toed black dress shoes; and I bring my character shoes with low-cut white or black socks. I keep the leggings rolled up during the singing auditions and let them down again for dancing. If you have long hair, be sure you bring a ponytail or other method of keeping it out of your face for dancing. I made this mistake my first audition and my hair ended up looking like a hot mess by the time I was to sing. Guess who didn’t get a callback?Day Before and of AuditionsThe day before your audition is nearly as important as the actual audition. There are several things you should do to ensure that you will succeed as much as possible.Take Care of Your VoiceMake sure to warm up, sing, and talk moderately whenever possible. Some performers will begin whispering days before an audition, but this actually puts more stress on your vocal cords than normal speech. Avoid shouting, oversinging, or otherwise straining your voice. Also, I cannot stress enough the importance of not clearing your throat. It puts such an unnatural stress on your vocal cords, and once you start, it’s hard to stop. Rehearse, but in ModerationGo over your audition song a few times, especially any parts that are
giving you difficulty. On the day of your audition, warm up once or
twice and go over your song again, but take extreme care not to
oversing. When you’re not singing, it, go over the song in your head
and save your voice for the real audition. It helps to visualize your
audition going perfectly as well. Watch Your DietAvoid milk, as it will increase the mucus in your membranes, and who wants to hear your sing with a clogged throat? It will also encourage throat-clearing. Water is the absolute best thing for you and your voice, so make sure you drink plenty the day before and of your audition. Also be sure to bring a large bottle of water with you to keep yourself hydrated, especially if you will be dancing. Stay away from foods that may trigger gas or acid reflux. Eat small, frequent meals so that your blood sugar remains at a constant level. Just before you leave the house, grab an energy-boosting snack, such as some grapes or a mini Snickers bar.The Big Day!When the audition day comes, be sure you leave the house early. Give yourself plenty of time to get there, stretch, warm up, and center yourself. Keep your talking to a minimum. You’ll certainly want to be friendly, but avoid extensive chit-chatting. During your actual audition, be sure you give off an aura of confidence. Nothing but positive self-talk here! It’s amazing what the human mind can do when there isn’t any negativity to pervade it. Speak clearly, and perform to the absolute best of your ability. Give it your all without going over the top. When it’s over, no matter how you think you did, be sure to focus on what you did well. Save your critique for tomorrow, and don’t beat yourself up when you do.After Audition DayTry to be as patient as possible and follow the guidelines provided about callbacks. If they clearly state not to call the company to ask about the casting, then by all means, do not! No matter how badly you’re tempted, this will be a great exercise in patience for you. Try to remain as upbeat and positive as possible. If you receive a callback, congratulations! Usually, those at callbacks make up half or less than those who were at auditions. If not, you still shouldn’t completely flip out. Sometimes directors make casting decisions based on initial auditions, and they will let you know in their own good time.If all else fails and you aren’t cast, don’t get too down about it. Each audition process is a great chance to grow and also to get your name out there to the theater community. Keep trying! Volunteer to be on the crew, if it’s possible,
Among my many passions and obsessions, musical theatre is one of the most deep-rooted. I was sent a request to make a list of ten must-see musicals, and it wasn’t easy; there are a lot of other amazing musicals I wish I could’ve fit on this list, but I had to pick the best of the best — at least in my own humble opinion.10) Avenue Q — This is, by far, the most hilarious musical you will ever see. With characters consisting of both puppets and regular actors, (also, the puppeteers are in plain sight, which adds another dimension to the characters because you can see the puppeteers acting and reacting along with their puppets) Avenue Q is the ultimate “adult Sesame Street Show.” It’s about young kids, fresh out of college, trying to make something of themselves and find their purpose in life. The plot is easy to follow and the characters are instantly loveable. The score includes songs such as “Everyone’s a Little Bit Racist,” “The Internet is for Porn,” “You Can Be As Loud As the Hell You Want (When You’re Making Love),” and “It Sucks to Be Me.” Not for those who are easily offended.9) Hairspray — First, before I say anything, I have to state for the record that I HATED John Travolta in the Hairspray movie. Okay? The character of Edna Turnblad is supposed to be masculine…deep voice, butch…that’s why she’s funny! Every other Edna was perfect: Divine in the original film, Harvey Fierstein in the original Broadway cast, Bruce Vilanche in the first tour cast…but John Travolta? Come on! He made the character sooo what it was not supposed to be. I think that was a terrible, awful, horrible casting decision on somebody’s part. (Somebody who obviously thought that a big celebrity was needed to help promote the movie and was more important than finding someone who actually fit the character.) Alright; there’s my two cents. Anyway, Hairspray. The STAGE musical. I love it; the music is irresistably catchy and fun, and the story is excellent, with a lot of humor, a lot of pep, and a lot of heart. It deals with segregation and integration in the sixties, discovering who you are and where your loyalties lie, falling in love for the first time, and standing up for what you believe in. It’s colorful, upbeat, and more importantly, it has a message.8) Wicked — I have to say, I’m kind of annoyed with all the popularity Wicked has gained in the past few years. It’s sort of like when one of your favorite bands becomes insanely popular; they sell out. Well, Wicked, to me, is kind of a “sellout” musical, because I loved it long before it had gotten any recognition. Now everybody loves it. I guess I shouldn’t be bitter, because it really is a great show. It’s based on the book Wicked: Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West by Gregory Maguire (who’s known for writing parallel novels to fairy tales, i.e. Confessions of an Ugly Stepsister). However, the musical takes a much lighter approach to the material in the book and turns it into something that is family-friendly. (The book is a political, social, and ethical commentary on what defines good and evil. As is the musical, I suppose. But the book is much darker, containing some sex scenes, an allegorical reference to Hitler, a suicide reference, and a disturbing murder.) The story is about the Wicked Witch of the West, really named Elphaba, and tells how she became “wicked.” A main element of the story is her friendship with one Glinda Arduenna, with the thick of the plot being how the two cope when Elphaba attempts to fight against the Wizard and his oppressive laws. The music is excellent; it’s nice to hear two strong female voices in the majority of the songs, because there isn’t really an abundance of musicals with two female leads. Ultimately, I think this is a show anybody would enjoy; it’s The Wizard of Oz all over again — just the side we didn’t see the first time. 7) The Last Five Years — I’m sorry, I’m going to cheat and throw in a show that is not officially a “Broadway musical.” It played Off-Broadway for only a few months, and since then has sprouted up in regional theatres across the country and in London. It is a musical, it’s a two-person show, and it is entirely sung…I would estimate it at about ninety minutes long. The story is simple: Two people fall in love, get married, fall out of love, and split up. And don’t worry, I didn’t just spoil it for you. Here’s the twist: SHE tells the story from end to beginning, and HE tells the story from beginning to end. They alternate songs the whole show and are never onstage together, except for the middle of the show where their tellings of the story cross paths at their wedding. The show starts out with a song by Kathy, and she’s singing about how her husband Jamie has just left her for good. The second song is sung by Jamie, where he’s reeling from having just gone on his first date with Kathy. The third song is Kathy’s again, and it takes place at a point in their relationship where things are really shaky and hanging on by a thread. The fourth song is then Jamie’s, where he sings about how happy he is because his career is taking off and he and Kathy are moving in together. And so it goes the rest of the show, all the way to the ending which is, quite literally, bittersweet. The music is very contemporary, with heavy, stylistic piano. The vocals are excellent as well, and very challenging, considering both the male and female singers need to have quite a wide vocal range in order to sing the songs properly. Written by Jason Robert Brown (who became known in the world of musical theatre with his first Off-Broadway musical Songs for a New World), The Last Five Years is raw realism, delivering the sadness and frustration that come with trying to maintain a relationship, but also with its share of cute and funny moments, too.6) Gypsy — This is the ultimate piece of theatre about theatre. Based on the true story of the infamous burlesque dancer Gypsy Rose Lee (real name Louise) and her constant struggle with her domineering stage mother Rose who forces her and her sister June into the world of vaudeville. Set during the Great Depression, Rose refuses to believe that vaudeville is a dying business, and in an act of desperation, volunteers Louise to strip at a house of burlesque. Louise is outraged that her mother has done this to her, but ends up doing the strip number, realizes she’s better at stripping then anything else her mother has forced her into, surprisingly enjoys it, and soon becomes one of the most popular, if not THE most popular, stripper in the history of burlesque. With music by Stephen Sondheim (Sweeney Todd, West Side Story, Into the Woods, among others), the story is quite engaging and one can’t help but sympathize with and cheer on Louise. Based on Gypsy Rose Lee’s memoir, the musical puts a happier spin on her relationship with her mother Rose, giving the story a happy ending, which wasn’t the case in reality. Nevertheless, the show is moving in its own way and will have you tapping your toes or humming a tune on the way home from the theater. The music is very solo-vocal-orientated with not very many chorus songs at all. Like Wicked, Gypsy features two female leads and it’s nice to hear two powerful female voices, (three, including June); but unlike Wicked, the female vocals are much more alto than soprano, making them a bit easier and more fun to sing, (especially for karaoke). Even if you can’t find a performance playing near you, I strongly suggest buying the cd (the newer one with Bernadette Peters as Rose, not the old one with Roselind Russell as Rose; she can’t sing). I’m sure you already know some of the songs: “Everything’s Coming Up Roses,” “Let Me Entertain You,” and “Some People.” 5) The Lion King — If you loved the movie, you’ll love the stage show. If you didn’t love the movie, I think you’ll still love the stage show. The show has so many things going for it: One, the music. Written by Elton John and Tim Rice (Tim Rice collaborated with Andrew Lloyd Webber to write Jesus Christ Superstar, Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat, and Evita; he’s a pretty damn good lyricist), the show sticks closely to the movie’s score and book, with a few new songs. Now, The Lion King is one of my all-time favorite movies, and I think the music is spectacular; therefore, seeing it onstage, with the music loud and booming, it’s quite amazing to me. Two, the costumes. The costumes are simply beautiful; they’re intricate, complex, extremely well-designed, and really a treat for the eyes. It’s probably a good thing that most people already know the story from watching the movie, because when seeing the stage show, you may catch yourself staring at the costumes and the characters’ graceful movements in the costumes rather than paying attention to what’s being said. Not that the costumes are a distraction — they just enhance everything that goes on in the show. Apart from the costumes, another aesthetica
To refer to the late Karl Haas as a “disc jockey” is almost an insult. The creator and host of the longest-running daily classical radio music program in broadcast history entitled “Adventures in Good Music,” Karl Haas was and remains an icon in classical radio broadcasting. When I heard the first strains of his theme song, Beethoven’s “Pathétique Sonata (from the 2nd movement of Sonata No. 8 in C minor) followed by his rich baritone, “Hello, everyone,” I knew that not only would I learn something entirely new and fresh about classical music, but I would be completely entertained in the process.
I had the pleasure of attending a dinner for Karl Haas about 16 years ago. My husband was working at a classical radio station and Karl Haas was in town for a special event. He was one of the most charming men I had ever met. You would think he would be pretentious and somewhat of a bore, but he was witty, funny and engaging throughout the entire evening. After that night, I made a point to listen to his shows whenever I could.
Karl Haas was born in Speyer-am-Rhein, Germany on December 6, 1913. He began piano lessons when he was six years old and later studied piano at the Mannheim Conservatory. He went on to earn a doctorate in music literature from the University of Heidelberg in Germany. After being turned down for a job because he was Jewish, Haas left Germany in 1936.
He settled in Detroit, Michigan where he worked for a year to save money to bring his family and fiancée over a year later. He later studied under the tutelage of Artur Schnabel. He founded the Chamber Music Society of Detroit. His radio work began in 1950 by hosting weekly previews of Detroit Symphony concerts. The Canadian Broadcasting Company then asked him to play for a weekly program, playing piano and conducting a chamber orchestra. Over time, they encouraged him to talk about the music he loved so much during the broadcast and by 1959, WJR in Detroit had offered him an hour-long show of music and commentary. It rose to Detroit’s #1 show in its time slot and remained there for 20 years.
In 1970, he syndicated his show for commercial and public radio stations around the world from a Cleveland, Ohio radio station, WCLV. He also wrote a book, Inside Music, which explains music appreciation for the everyday listener (it remains in print today). He was also an accomplished pianist and conductor.
Haas’ theme song, which was considered his trademark, was personally performed by him and was considered a family heirloom. He started every single show with his famous “Hello everyone…” and even titled a CD by that name. For many years, his program held the most listeners of any classical music show in the world on the radio. What was the most entertaining part of his show was how he presented what could be perceived as “dull” material in a most entertaining way. Some of his show titles included, “Haydn, Go Seek,” “From Stern to Bow” (about violinist Isaac Stern), “The Joy of Sax,” and “Baroque and in Debt.”
One listener wrote to Haas in the 1960s saying that his was a “longhair program with a crewcut,” a description that Haas was delighted to repeat on his show. Although some “longhairs” in the classical music world looked down at Mr. Haas’ work, his listeners didn’t mind a whit!
He received numerous awards for his work, including the Charles Frankel Award of the National Endowment for the Humanities in 1991, which was presented to him by President George H.W. Bush at the White House. He also won the George Foster Peabody Award twice for excellence in radio broadcasting; and in 1997 was named the first classical music broadcaster named to the Radio Hall of Fame.
Karl Haas died in a suburb of Detroit, Royal Oak, Michigan, on February 6, 2005.
It seems there is such a demand for Karl’s show now. I wonder if the family or whomever holds the rights would ever consider syndicating or selling his shows to iTunes or a similar venture where his fans could download the shows, and the money could go to a worthy cause?
UPDATE 8/12: Here’s a post I found recently. Let’s give a go and be sure to SIGN THE PETITION to bring Dr. Haas’ show back to life!
http://electricka.com/etaf/ETAFHomePages/features/feature_list/biographies/karl_haas/karl_haas_home.htm#petitionWithout music life would be a mistake. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
A jazz musician is a juggler who uses harmonies instead of oranges. Benny Green
A painter paints pictures on canvas. But musicians paint their pictures on silence. Leopold Stokowski
After silence, that which comes nearest to expressing the inexpressible is music. Aldous Huxley
Ah music. A magic beyond all we do here. J. K. Rowling
Alas for those that never sing, but die with all their music in them. Oliver Wendell HolmesIf you don’t like Louis Armstrong, you don’t know how to love. Mahalia Jackson
All music comes from God. Johnny Cash
And the night shall be filled with music, and the cares that infest the day shall fold their tents like the Arabs and as silently steal away. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Good music is good no matter what kind of music it is. Miles Davis
He who hears music, feels his solitude peopled at once. Robert Browning
He who sings scares away his woes. Cervantes
I think I should have no other mortal wants if I could always have plenty of music. It seems to infuse strength into my limbs and ideas into my brain. Life seems to go on without effort when I am filled with music. George Bernard ShawI think music in itself is healing. It’s an explosive expression of humanity. It’s something we are all touched by. No matter what culture we’re from, everyone loves music. Billy Joel
There is no bad day that can’t be overcome by listening to a barbershop quartet. This is just truth, plain and simple. Aldous Huxley
There is no feeling except the extremes of fear and grief that does not find relief in music. George Eliot
There is no truer truth obtainable by man than comes of music. Robert Browning
There’s music in the sighing of a reed; there’s music in the gushing of a rill; there’s music in all things, if men had ears. Their earth is but an echo of the spheres. Lord Byron
Truly to sing, that is a different breath. Rainer Maria Rilke
We need magic, and bliss, and power, myth, and celebration and religion in our lives, and music is a good way to encapsulate a lot of it. Jerry GarciaI love you more than music. RKB
What we play is life. Louis Armstrong
Were it not for music, we might in these days say, the beautiful is dead. Benjamin Disraeli
Well, jazz is to me, a complete lifestyle. It’s bigger than a word. It’s a much bigger force than just something that you can say. It’s something that you have to feel. It’s something that you have to live. Ray Brown
I’m the one that has to die when it’s time for me to die, so let me live my life, the way I want to. Jimi Hendrix
If a composer could say what he had to say in words he would not bother trying to say it in music. Gustav Mahler
If I were to begin life again, I would devote it to music. It is the only cheap and unpunished rapture upon earth. Sydney Smith
If music be the food of love, play on. William Shakespeare
Music can change the world. Ludwig Van Beethoven
In music the passions enjoy themselves. Friedrich Nietzsche
Its language is a language which the soul alone understands, but which the soul can never translate. Arnold Bennett
Men profess to be lovers of music, but for the most part they give no evidence in their opinions and lives that they have heard it. Henry David Thoreau
Music – The one incorporeal entrance into the higher world of knowledge which comprehends mankind but which mankind cannot comprehend. Ludwig van Beethoven
Music and rhythm find their way into the secret places of the soul. Plato
Information is not knowledge; knowledge is not wisdom; wisdom is not truth; truth is not beauty; beauty is not love; love is not music; music is the best. Frank ZappaMusic cleanses the understanding; inspires it, and lifts it into a realm which it would not reach if it were left to itself. Henry Ward Beecher
Music does bring people together. It allows us to experience the same emotions. People everywhere are the same in heart and spirit. John Denver
Music expresses feeling and thought, without language; it was below and before speech, and it is above and beyond all words. Robert G. Ingersoll
Music expresses that which cannot be said and on which it is impossible to be silent. Victor Hugo
Music has been my playmate, my lover, and my crying towel. Buffy Sainte-Marie
Music has charms to soothe the savage beast; to soften rocks or bend a knotted oak. William Concreve
Music is a discipline and a mistress of order and good manners; she makes the people milder and gentler, more moral and more reasonable. Martin Luther
Music is always a commentary on society. Frank Zappa
Music is the poetry of the a